Reforming the Nigerian Law School Grading System: Promoting Fairness and Equity -By Muhammad Zakiyyu, Ph.D.

Spread the love

The Nigerian Law School is a prestigious institution that plays a vital role in shaping the legal profession in Nigeria. Aspiring lawyers undergo rigorous training to develop their legal skills and knowledge. However, the current grading system employed by the Nigerian Law School, which considers the least marks obtained in any given course, is inherently flawed and unfair. This essay explores the reasons why this grading system is problematic and calls for a reform to ensure fairness and equity for law students.


1. The Inherent Flaws of the Current Grading System: The current Nigerian Law School grading system, which bases final grades on the least marks obtained, fails to recognize individual achievements and potential. By focusing on the lowest scores, it disproportionately penalizes students for a single weak performance, disregarding their overall understanding and competency in the subject matter. This approach undermines the educational principles of holistic assessment and growth.

2. Inequality and Lack of Differentiation: The existing grading system fails to differentiate students based on their true abilities. It treats those who consistently perform well equally with those who struggle in a single course, leading to a lack of recognition for exceptional students. This results in a homogenized pool of graduates, making it challenging for employers and legal institutions to identify and select the most deserving candidates.

3. Discouragement of Individual Progress and Development: Law students invest substantial time, effort, and financial resources in their legal education. The current grading system, by emphasizing the least marks obtained, instills fear and anxiety among students. This discourages them from taking risks, exploring new areas of law, or seeking innovative approaches to legal problem-solving. It stifles creativity and the pursuit of personal growth, hindering the development of well-rounded legal professionals.

Log in to and enjoy the best E-journals, textbooks, and many more

To subscribe to Primsol, go to

For further enquiries/assistance, send an email to or call 08050298729

4. Hindrance to Diverse Legal Specialization: The present grading system discourages students from pursuing specialized areas of law where they might excel. Aspiring lawyers who demonstrate aptitude and passion for certain legal domains might be deterred from pursuing them if they fear the potential impact of a weaker performance in one course. This limits the diversity and expertise within the legal profession, hindering the overall advancement of the field.

5. Call for Reform: Towards a More Balanced and Equitable Grading System: To address the inherent flaws and promote fairness in the Nigerian Law School grading system, a comprehensive reform is essential. Here are some suggested measures:

a. Weighted Average Approach: Introduce a weighted average system, whereby grades are determined based on the cumulative performance across all courses, giving more weight to core subjects or areas of specialization.

b. Comprehensive Assessment: Encourage comprehensive assessments that evaluate students on multiple criteria such as class participation, research papers, oral presentations, and practical skills. This approach provides a more holistic evaluation of students’ abilities, considering their overall performance rather than focusing solely on exams.

c. Remedial Support: Establish a robust system of remedial support for students who struggle in specific subjects. This could include additional tutoring, mentoring programs, and academic support initiatives to ensure that all students have an equal opportunity to improve their understanding and performance.

d. Emphasize Growth and Development: Foster an educational environment that promotes growth, innovation, and personal development. Encourage students to explore diverse areas of law and take intellectual risks without the fear of detrimental consequences to their overall grades.

The current grading system used by the Nigerian Law School, which considers the least marks obtained in any given course, undermines fairness, equity, and the holistic assessment of law students. By reforming the grading system to embrace a more comprehensive and balanced approach, the Nigerian legal education system can foster an environment that encourages individual growth, recognizes exceptional achievements, and supports the development of well-rounded legal professionals.

Dr. Zakiyyu Muhammad

Call Bridget Edokwe Esq on 08060798767 or send your email to

Thinking of Gifts And Souvenirs for your loved ones and special occasions, look no further. Tel: +234 7054211014 Email: Instagram: WhatsApp: Facebook:

The cost is N8,000: To Order/get copies of the Book, contact the Author below

Email: Call: 08032253813

Address: Winners Chambers No 135 Ehi Road by Mosque Street beside First Bank Aba, Abia State

Author: Prof Theodore Okonkwo, Ph.D: CALL: 08065159968; 08068771923: PRICES: N100,000 (SPECIAL EDITION), N60,000.00 (UNIVERSAL EDITION)

Digital Evidence and eDiscovery Law Practice in Nigeria -By Emeka Arinze Esq. [ORDER NOW] - For book cost & placing order, visit

Steps To Subscribe To the Court of Appeal Reports Nigeria

Get ‘Personal Property Law in Nigeria’ By Chief Mike A.A. Ozekhome, SAN (FREE)

Click below to download FREE


BESTSELLER: Commercial and Economic Law in Nigeria By Chief Mike Ozekhome, SAN [ORDER NOW] To ORDER click the link Buy the Book on Military Law, authored by a Veteran Military Lawyer, and launched personally by the then COAS.


To get a copy kindly Call 07044444777, 07044444999 & 08181999888 or visit us at: Investment House, 7th Floor, 21/25 Broad St., Lagos. Buy online @

Available at Frank Agbedo & Co. Crown Chambers. 5th floor, left wing, Nipost Building, Lagos Island, Lagos State. Tel: 08033254471, 09077950432 Email:
%d bloggers like this: